Julie Poehlmann

Julie Poehlmann-​Tynan

Dorothy A. O’Brien Professor in Human Ecology
4130 Nancy Nicholas Hall 1300 Linden Drive

I study the development and relationships of infants and young children who experience risk in order to promote resilience in children and families.

Resilience Is Possible!

The way that parents and other caregivers interact with their babies and young children is important! Sensitive, responsive, emotionally positive interactions can help buffer risk and promote resilience for vulnerable children.

Dr. Poehlmann-Tynan’s research focuses on the role of family relationships in the development of resilience in high risk infants, toddlers, and preschoolers. She is interested in how emerging relationships interact with biological and environmental vulnerabilities in shaping the cognitive and social emotional development of children who experience a range of risks. Dr. Poehlmann-Tynan’s research emphasizes how children and parents make contributions to their relationships with each other, rather than emphasizing parental characteristics like much of the existing attachment research. Her findings bridge attachment theory with ecologically-based transactional developmental theories.

Dr. Poehlmann-Tynan has 2 lines of research: (1) children with incarcerated parents, and (2) preterm infants. She recently completed a 6-year longitudinal study of preterm infants that was funded by NICHD that examined early parent-infant interactions and emerging self-regulation skills on children’s social, behavioral, and academic outcomes. Dr. Poehlmann-Tynan is also in the middle of 2 studies examining young children of jailed parents.

To stay up-to-date on Dr. Poehlmann-Tynan’s research, visit her blog on kids with incarcerated parents!

Poehlmann-Tynan, J. (Ed.). (2014). Children’s contact with incarcerated parents: Implications for policy and intervention. In press, Advances in Child and Family Policy and Practice, Monograph of Division 27 of the American Psychological Association.

Gerstein, E., Poehlmann-Tynan, J., & Clark, R. (2014). Observations of parent-infant interactions in the NICU. In press, Pediatric Psychology.

Poehlmann-Tynan, J., Gerstein, E., Burnson, C., Weymouth, L., Maleck, S., Bolt, D., & Schwichtenberg, A. J. (2014). Risk and resilience in children born preterm at age 6. In press, Development and Psychopathology.

Cheng, E. R., Palta, M., Kotelchuck, M., Poehlmann, J., & Witt, W. P. (2014). Cognitive delay and behavior problems prior to school age. In press, Pediatrics.

Cheng, E. R., Witt, W., Poehlmann, J., & Mullahy, J. (2014). Cumulative social risk exposure, infant birthweight, and cognitive delay in infancy. In press, Academic Pediatrics.

Poehlmann, J., Burnson, C., & Weymouth, L. A. (2014). Early parenting, represented family relationships, and externalizing behavior problems in children born preterm. Attachment and Human Development, 16(3):271-91.

Schwichtenberg, A. J., Shah, P. E., & Poehlmann, J. (2013). Sleep and attachment in toddlers born preterm. Infant Mental Health Journal. 34(1):37-46.

Spinelli, M., Poehlmann, J., & Bolt, D. (2013). Predictors of parenting stress trajectories in premature infant-mother dyads. Journal of Family Psychology, 27, 873-883.

Poehlmann, J., & Eddy, J. M. (Eds.) (2013). Relationship processes and resilience in children with incarcerated parents. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 78(3),1-160.

Burnson, C., Schwichtenberg, A. J. M., & Poehlmann, J. (2013). Effortful control, positive emotional expression, and behavior problems in children born preterm. Infant Behavior and Development, 36(4), 564-574.

Shah, P. E., Coelho, R. B., & Poehlmann, J. (2013). The paradox of prematurity: Behavioral vulnerability of late preterm infants and cognitive susceptibility of very preterm infants at 36 months postterm. Infant Behavior and Development, 36, 50-62.

Poehlmann, J., Hane, A., Burnson, C., Maleck, S., Hamburger, E, & Shah, P. E. (2012). Preterm infants who are prone to distress: Differential effects of parenting on 36-month behavioral and cognitive outcomes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53, 1018-1025.

McManus, B., & Poehlmann, J. (2012). Parent-child interaction, maternal depressive symptoms and preterm infant cognitive function. Infant Behavior and Development, 35, 489-498.

Lutz, K., Burnson, C. F., Hane, A., Samuelson, A., Maleck, S., & Poehlmann, J. (2012). Parenting stress, social support, and mother-child interactions in families of multiple and singleton preterm toddlers. Family Relations, 61, 642-656.

McManus, B., Carle, A. C., & Poehlmann, J. (2012). Effectiveness of Part C early intervention therapy services for infants born preterm and low birth weight in Wisconsin, USA. Academic Pediatrics, 12, 96-103.

McManus, B., & Poehlmann, J. (2012). Maternal depression and perceived social support as predictors of cognitive function trajectories during the first 3 years of life of preterm infants in Wisconsin. Child: Care, Health and Development, 38, 425-434.

Poehlmann, J., Schwichtenberg, A. J. M., Hahn, E., Miller, K., Dilworth-Bart, J., Kaplan, D., & Maleck, S. (2012). Compliance, opposition, and behavior problems in toddlers born preterm or low birthweight. Infant Mental Health Journal, 33, 34-44.

Shlafer, R.J., Poehlmann, J., & Donelan-McCall, N. (2012). Maternal jail time, conviction, and arrest as predictors of children’s 15 year antisocial outcomes in the context of a nurse home visiting program. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 41(1), 38-52.

Shah, P. E., Clements, M., & Poehlmann, J. (2011). Maternal resolution of grief following preterm birth: Implications for early dyadic interactions and attachment security. Pediatrics, 127, 284-292.

Poehlmann, J., Schwichtenberg, A. J. M., Bolt, D., Hane, A., Burnson, C., & Winters, J. (2011). Infant physiological regulation and maternal risks as predictors of dyadic interaction trajectories in families with a preterm infant. Developmental Psychology, 47 (1), 91-105.

Poehlmann, J., Schwichtenberg, A. J. M., Shlafer, R. J., Hahn, E., Bianchi, J.-P., & Warner, R. L. (2011). Emerging self-regulation in toddlers born preterm or low birthweight: Differential susceptibility to early parenting? Development and Psychopathology, 23, 177-193.

Dilworth-Bart, J., Poehlmann, J., Miller, K., & Hilgendorf, A. (2011). Do mothers’ play behaviors moderate the associations between socioeconomic status and 24-month neurocognitive outcomes of toddlers born preterm or with low birthweight? Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 36, 289-300.

Schwichtenberg, A. J., Anders, T., Vollbrecht, M., & Poehlmann, J. (2011). Daytime sleep and parenting interactions in infants born preterm. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 32, 8-17.

Poehlmann, J., Dallaire, D., Loper, A. B., & Shear, L. D. (2010). Children’s contact with their incarcerated parents: Research findings and recommendations. American Psychologist, 65 (6), 575-598.

Poehlmann, J., Schwichtenberg, A. J. M., Shah, P., Shlafer, R., Hahn, E., & Maleck, S. J. (2010). The development of effortful control in children born preterm. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 39 (4), 522-536.

Shlafer, R. J., & Poehlmann, J. (2010). Attachment and caregiving relationships in families affected by parental incarceration. Attachment and Human Development, 12 (4), 395-415.

Cassidy, J., Poehlmann, J., & Shaver, P. R. (2010). An attachment perspective on incarcerated parents and their children. Attachment and Human Development, 12 (4), 285-288.

Dilworth-Bart, J., Poehlmann, J., & Hilgendorf, A., Miller, K., & Lambert, H. (2010). Maternal scaffolding and preterm toddlers’ visual-spatial processing and emerging working memory. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 35, 209-220.

Dr. Poehlmann-Tynan is currently serving as an advisor to Sesame Street on their Emmy-nominated initiative for children with incarcerated parents. She has served as a psychology supervisor in the Waisman Center’s Developmental Disabilities Clinic and teaches a service learning course in conjunction with campus and community early childhood education centers. Dr. Poehlmann-Tynan has consulted with Wisconsin Public Television on an outreach effort for families struggling with methamphetamine addiction and worked with Madison Area Urban Ministry to evaluate their mentoring program for children of incarcerated parents.

Dr. Poehlmann-Tynan teaches HDFS 663: Developmental and Family Assessment, a service-learning class for advanced undergraduates and offers research experiences through internship and HDFS 592: Children with Incarcerated Parents. She also teaches several graduate seminars, including HDFS 760: Infancy and the Family and HDFS 855: Attachment Theory and Research Across the Lifespan.